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Journal Articles Communications Surveys and Tutorials, IEEE Communications Society Year : 2014

Design Guidelines for Spatial Modulation


A new class of low-complexity, yet energyefficient Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) transmission techniques, namely the family of Spatial Modulation (SM) aided MIMOs (SM-MIMO) has emerged. These systems are capable of exploiting the spatial dimensions (i.e. the antenna indices) as an additional dimension invoked for transmitting information, apart from the traditional Amplitude and Phase Modulation (APM). SM is capable of efficiently operating in diverse MIMO configurations in the context of future communication systems. It constitutes a promising transmission candidate for large-scale MIMO design and for the indoor optical wireless communication whilst relying on a single-Radio Frequency (RF) chain. Moreover, SM may also be viewed as an entirely new hybrid modulation scheme, which is still in its infancy. This paper aims for providing a general survey of the SM design framework as well as of its intrinsic limits. In particular, we focus our attention on the associated transceiver design, on spatial constellation optimization, on link adaptation techniques, on distributed/ cooperative protocol design issues, and on their meritorious variants.

Dates and versions

hal-01104277 , version 1 (16-01-2015)



Ping Yang, Marco Di Renzo, Yue Xiao, Shaoqian Li, Lajos Hanzo. Design Guidelines for Spatial Modulation. Communications Surveys and Tutorials, IEEE Communications Society, 2014, PP (99), pp.1. ⟨10.1109/COMST.2014.2327066⟩. ⟨hal-01104277⟩
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