Coupled heat and mass transfer in shallow caves: interactions between turbulent convection, gas radiative transfer and moisture transport - CentraleSupélec Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Thermal Sciences Year : 2023

Coupled heat and mass transfer in shallow caves: interactions between turbulent convection, gas radiative transfer and moisture transport

Abstract

Understanding and predicting the microclimate of shallow caves is a key issue for the conservation of parietal art. In order to determine the dominant mechanisms of heat transfer in a configuration close to that of painted caves, we performed numerical simulations of a parallelepiped cavity whose dimensions and depth are of the order of 10 m. This simple geometry allowed us to use a detailed model including turbulent natural convection, gas radiation, along with vapor transport and latent heat fluxes resulting from condensation and evaporation on the walls. Gas radiation increases the flow circulation in the cavity through wall–gas radiative exchanges and significantly modifies the wall radiative flux. Conversely, the wall conductive flux remains unchanged (a non trivial behavior reported in the literature about the differentially heated cavity). In the energy balance at the walls, the radiative flux overcomes the conductive flux. However, the addition of conduction and latent heat fluxes, both driven by convection, prevails over radiation in some regions of the cavity. Heat and mass fluxes are maximum in areas of the cavity roof where the distance from the ground is the shortest. Due to the asymmetry induced by the inversion of the vertical temperature gradient twice a year, net condensation resulting in limestone dissolution is expected in these areas, whereas the other regions of the cave undergo net evaporation resulting in limestone deposition. The orders of magnitude of the condensation flux (a few microns per day) and of the retreat velocity of the wall (a few tenth of a micron per year) are in line with the field data available in the literature.
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Dates and versions

hal-04172286 , version 1 (27-07-2023)

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B. Qaddah, Laurent Soucasse, Frédéric Doumenc, Sophie Mergui, Philippe Riviere, et al.. Coupled heat and mass transfer in shallow caves: interactions between turbulent convection, gas radiative transfer and moisture transport. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 2023, 194, pp.108556. ⟨10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2023.108556⟩. ⟨hal-04172286⟩
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