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Book Sections Year : 2017

On the structure of polyhedral positive invariant sets with respect to delay difference equations

Abstract

This chapter is dedicated to the study of the positive invariance of poly-hedral sets with respect to dynamical systems described by discrete-time delay difference equations DDE. Set invariance in the original state space, also referred to as D-invariance, leads to conservative definitions due to its delay independent property. This limitation makes the D-invariant sets only applicable to a limited class of systems. However, there exists a degree of freedom in the state-space transformations which can enable the positive invariant set-characterizations. In this work we revisit the set factorizations and extend their use in order to establish flexible set-theoretic analysis tools. With linear algebra structural results, it is shown that similarity transformations are a key element in the characterization of low complexity invariant sets within the class of convex polyhedral candidates. In short, it is shown that we can construct, in a low dimensional state-space, an invariant set for a dynamical system governed by a delay difference equation. The basic idea which enables the construction is a simple change of coordinates for the DDE. The obtained D-invariant set exists in the new coordinates even if its existence necessary conditions are not fulfilled in the original state space. This proves that the D-invariance notion is dependent on the state-space representation of the dynamics. It is worth to recall as a term of comparison that the positive invariance for delay-free dynamics is independent of the state-space realization.

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Dates and versions

hal-01817035 , version 1 (16-06-2018)

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  • HAL Id : hal-01817035 , version 1

Cite

Mohammed-Tahar Laraba, Sorin Olaru, Silviu-Iulian Niculescu. On the structure of polyhedral positive invariant sets with respect to delay difference equations. Advances in Difference Equations and Discrete Dynamical Systems. ICDEA 2016, 2017. ⟨hal-01817035⟩
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